Current issues

In an increasingly global economy, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has become a major issue as globalization not only creates more opportunities and benefits for multinational corporates but also forces them to adapt to an ever-changing environment and accept unprecedented challenges at global, industrial and other levels. Human, social and environmental strategies have therefore become increasingly integrated with broader corporate strategies and various international legislation has been developed in several countries to promote socially responsible behavior by companies.

The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights are a set of guidelines for States and companies to force firms to consider not just profit but also working conditions and environmental impact.

These Guiding Principles were developed to prevent, address and remedy human rights violations such as the Rana Plaza scandal during which a clothing factory building collapsed and killed as many as 1,000 workers near Dhaka, Bangladesh, in April 2013, or the abuse and exploitation of migrant workers during Qatar’s preparations to host the 2022 World Cup. These events have raised Europe’s awareness of the working conditions of subcontractors of major European industrial groups.

In France, the French Corporate Duty of Vigilance Law issued on March 27, 2017 establishes a legally binding obligation for parent companies to identify and prevent human rights abuses and environmental impacts resulting from their own activities, from activities of companies they control, and from activities of the subcontractors and suppliers, with whom they have an established commercial relationship. The law applies to the largest companies in France. According to the legislation, a company must comply with the law if it is established in France and has had at least 5,000 employees there, both at the parent company and its subsidiaries, at the end of the two previous financial years or if the company and its subsidiaries have a headcount of at least 10,000 in France and abroad.

Other countries, especially in Europe, are now examining the possibility of adopting measures inspired by the French law.

The companies concerned must draw up and publish a vigilance plan to identify and prevent the risk of infringing basic human rights – forced labor, child labor, freedom of association and so on – or adversely impacting the environment through their activities and those of their subsidiaries, their subcontractors and suppliers, in France and abroad.


According to the law, the plan must include:

  • Identification, analysis and ranking of potential risks;
  • An outline of procedures used to periodically assess compliance on the part of the company’s subsidiaries, subcontractors and suppliers;
  • Steps to address risks and prevent violations;
  • A method for identifying potential or existing risks in cooperation with representatives of relevant trade unions;
  • A monitoring system to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of the program.

The Law provides three judicial mechanisms to ensure and control the effective implementation of the duty of vigilance: a formal notice to comply, an injunction with periodic penalty payments and a civil liability action in case of damages. These mechanisms are available to any party, including, ipso facto, stakeholders whose rights and obligations are affected by the execution of or the failure to comply with the duty of vigilance.

Indeed, interested parties – including victims, NGOs and trade unions – are now able to ask judicial authorities to order a company to establish, publish and implement a vigilance plan in order to prevent human rights violations and environmental damages caused by their activities and those of their subsidiaries, subcontractors and suppliers, in France and abroad. Interested parties can also engage the company’s liability through civil action and request compensation when a company’s violation of its legal obligations has resulted in damages.

When companies breach these obligations, the law empowers victims and other concerned parties to prosecute, which can result in fines of up to €10 million when companies fail to publish plans. Fines can reach as high as €30 million if this failure results in damages that would otherwise have been preventable.


A key challenge facing business is the need for more reliable indicators of progress in the field of CSR, along with the dissemination of CSR strategies. Companies are not required to guarantee results but rather to prove that they have done everything in their power to avoid damages. IKARIAN will help you implement an adequate vigilance plan including these measures:

  • Risk mapping;
  • Procedures to assess the status of subsidiaries, subcontractors or suppliers with whom the company maintains “established commercial relationships all in accordance with risk mapping;”
  • Appropriate actions to mitigate risks or prevent serious violations;
  • A whistleblowing mechanism;
  • A monitoring system to verify and assess the plan’s efficiency.

A specialist in risk management having extensive experience in risk mapping, Due Diligence and third-party risk assessments, IKARIAN provides you with a full range of services, products and methodologies based on internationally recognized best practices.

Due to our highly-qualified team of specialists, we help you to establish a pragmatic and sustainable vigilance plan prioritizing traceability and transparency in association with your stakeholders: employees, suppliers, sub-contractors and also NGOs and representatives of civil society.

3 rue de Téhéran
75008 Paris –
Tél. + 33 (0) 6 45 69 18 24